Performance properties not available from a single metal.

VPE utilizes diffusion bonding as well as other methods to manufacture laminated & clad metal sheet.  As a result, the sheet is bonded at the atomic level.  Furthermore, it comes in a wide range of alloys as well as configurations.

Moreover, laminated & clad metal sheet provides a means of creating a composite material with performance properties not available from a single metal.  In addition, sheet properties may be tailored to a particular application, e.g. bending strength, thermal as well as electric conductivity, reduced porosity, as well as corrosion resistance.

The sheet is routinely in a tri-layer configuration.  However, also available are bi-layer as well as multiple repeating layer fabrications.



Repeating Layer

clad metal sheet
clad metal sheet
clad metal sheet

Materials bonded e.g.:

  • Aluminum
  • Bimetallic (dissimilar metals)
  • Carbon Steel
  • Composites
  • Copper
  • Nickel-based Alloys
  • Precious Metals
  • Refractory Metals
  • Stainless Steel
  • Titanium

The surfaces are generally provided in an as-bonded condition.  However, the surfaces may optionally be finished with various coatings e.g.:

  • Dark chrome oxide (for stainless steels)
  • Nickel plating
  • Copper plating
  • Polished
  • Blasted

VPE’s variety of diffusion bonding furnaces allow for various sizes of sheet e.g.:

  • Firstly, sheet sizes to 1.5 meters x 3 meters
  • Secondly, sheet thicknesses from less than 0.0004 in. to greater than 5 in.
  • Last, assembly weights to 60,000 lbs.

If necessary, internal features can be preserved inside the bonded part e.g.:

  • Heating elements
  • Fluidic channels

A wide variety of industries e.g.:

  • Power generation
  • Solar energy
  • Thermal transfer
  • Oil & Gas
  • Chemical processing
  • Cryogenic/refrigeration
  • Semiconductor
  • Space
  • Marine
  • Electrical
  • Structural
  • Transportation
  • Aluminum smelting
  • Desalinization
  • Food processing
  • Paper as well as Pulp
  • Cutlery
  • Jewelry

Many applications e.g.:

  • Firstly, weld transitions
  • Secondly, corrosion resistance, e.g. chemical processing
  • Thirdly, corrosion resistance, e.g. galvanic
  • Fourthly, to maintain electrical connections
  • Next, to reduce oxidation as well as connectivity concerns
  • In addition, to reduce structural weight
  • Also, to maintain strength at high temperatures
  • Next, to lower the porosity of the metal(s)
  • Also, solar cell cooling
  • In addition, cold plates, as well as panels, cooling
  • Likewise, particulate matter cooling as well as heating
  • Also, Isothermal panels
  • Next, Sputtering targets
  • In addition, heat pipes
  • Likewise, heat exchangers
  • Clad knives
  • Last, Makume-gane jewelry

Part NumberTypeSheet Size
(W x L x H) (in)
Face Layer Material
Thickness (in)
Core Layer Material
Thickness (in)
Face Layer Finish
CL-01001Tri-Layer17.5 x 21 x 0.090316/316L (0.015)CDA 101 Copper (0.070)Dark Chrome Oxide
CL-01002Tri-Layer17.5 x 21 x 0.090316/316L (0.015)CDA 101 Copper (0.070)Nickel Plated
CL-01003Tri-Layer17.5 x 21 x 0.090316/316L (0.015)CDA 101 Copper (0.070)As-Bonded

Please send your requirements as well as print to  As a result, an engineer will respond to help determine the best design for your application.